I have exactly same issue - reinstall helps only for first launch. After closing app and starting it again - it happens again (missing text like in picture in first post). I restored game after a month from the cloud. Everything was ok before. In meantime i had Android update too.
What device and android version are you using?
Huawei P20lite, android 8.0.0
Then we can discard this is related to Android 9 (pie)... very strange.
I checked my Play Store stats... I have dozens of recent 5 star reviews from P20lite and Samsung A8 users, so I don't think this is an incompatibility with those models either.
Maybe you have installed recently something that could be affecting how other apps are installed? a launcher app, or something font-related? maybe related to accessibility.